The Blue Belles of Woodland

‘The blue bell is the sweetest flower
That waves in summer air;
Its blossoms have the mightiest power
To soothe my spirit’s care.’
– The Blue Bell by Emily Jane Bronte

This gentle poem sums up the beauty of the bluebell spectacular gracing British woods in spring. These vast swathes of blue are found nowhere else in the world and are a treat for humans and wildlife alike. In fact, the UK is home to half the world’s population of our native bluebell, Hyacinthoides non-scripta.

After the last ice age, trees and plants began to recolonise the British Isles across the land bridge that linked us to mainland Europe. Eventually sea levels, raised by the melting ice, immersed this and severed our connection. The bluebell was one species that succeeded in reaching us, but many did not. This helps explain the diversity of Europe’s spring woodland flowers and why ours are dominated by the beautiful bluebell.

Today, native bluebells are not the only ones to be found in our woods. The more vigorous Spanish bluebell was introduced to British gardens in the late 1600’s and by the early 1900’s had escaped, or been carelessly thrown away by gardeners, and was found to be growing in the wild. It outcompetes our native species and the two can crossbreed – hybrids vary in character.

There are a few simple ways to tell the difference between the two pure species:

Native bluebell (left) --- Spanish bluebell (right)

Native – Hyacinthoides non-scripta:
 Usually darker blue or white,
 Sweetly scented,
 Bells on one side of the stem,
 Stems tend to bend or curve over,
 Bell of the flower is narrow,
 Flower petals curl up and back at the ends.

Spanish – Hyacinthoides hispanica:
 Usually paler blue, but can also be pink, mauve or white,
 Not scented,
 Bells all over the stem,
 Stems are more upright,
 Bell of the flower is broader,
 Flower petals flick out rather than curl,
 Leaves are broader.

Bluebells are entwined in British history. They are mentioned in poems, stories and mythology. Folklore says fairies use bluebells to entice and trap passersby, especially children. This is not so unbelievable given the charm of bluebell carpets, it is easy to get lost in their beauty. So, if you do nothing else this spring, do go out and enjoy one of the wonders of the British Isles. Our VisitWoods website can help you find your nearest bluebell wood.

Kay Haw, Assistant Conservation Adviser


About Kay Haw

Assistant Conservation Adviser, Woodland Trust. Nature is my passion, especially woods and trees which are just amazing elements of life. One day (soon) I hope we humans learn to work in harmony with Mother Earth.
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7 Responses to The Blue Belles of Woodland

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  6. I shall be digging up and burning the Spanish bluebells in my garden, as they are a real threat to the native bluebells in the nearby woods. It should be remembered that bees can fly at least a mile and therefore cross-pollination and hybridisation are a much greater threat than most people suppose.

    • Kay Haw says:

      This is very true and it is great you are working so hard to help preserve our native bluebells! Non-native species are an increasing problem across the globe and threaten the wonderful diversity life offers.

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